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Anna Santamaria Margalef

Instituciones de las que forman parte

Jefe de grupo
Investigación Biomédica en Urología
Vall Hebron Institut de Recerca

Líneas de investigación

Cell Cycle and Cancer.

Principal Investigator

Anna Santamaría Margalef, PhD


Clinical Associated Researchers

Juan Morote Robles, MD, PhD (co-head Biomedical Research Group in Urology)

Jacques Planas, MD, PhD  


PhD Students

Letícia Suárez

Marta Barber


Technician

Adrián García


Past members

Dr. Núria Masiá

Dr. Melissa Bradbury (MD)

Dr. Alfonso Parrilla

Dr. Mireia Oliván

Dr. Blanca Majem

Gabriel Tamayo



BACKGROUND


The efforts of our team are devoted to give answer to the main challenges in the field of cancer (diagnosis, prognosis and therapy), in particular we focus our attention to homone-dependent tumors, namely prostate tumors (but not limited to) and on cell cycle-related signaling pathways, specifically mitosis and the role of key regulatory enzymes (kinesins, kinases and ubiquitin ligases).


RESEARCH STRATEGY AND SCOPE


Alternative therapeutic strategies based on mitotic regulators: kinesins


Alterations in the expression of several mitotic regulators have been associated with tumor formation in many cancers. Recent genomic studies have shown that androgen receptor (AR) activity in hormone-refractory prostate cancer (PCa) is not identical to that displayed in androgen dependent cells. Interestingly, increasing evidence in the last years suggest that castrated-resistance prostate cancer (CRPC) cells have undergone a genetic reprogramming to upregulate the expression of M-phase cell cycle genes. AR selectively and directly upregulates a set of mitotic regulators to promote androgen independent PCa. Enrichment of M-phase proteins and pathways has been found in CRPC chemotherapy-resistant tumors compared with their chemotherapy-naïve counterparts. In this context, the main goal of this research line is to gain novel molecular insights into the progression of PCa, with special emphasis on the involvement of mitotic regulators in the acquisition of prostate tumors androgen independence. Through a proteomic-based approach we have identified drivers of the castration-resistant disease and several mitotic kinesins stand out. We aim at studying their role as potential as therapeutic targets.


Contribution to disfunctionality of mitotic regulators alterations to CIN in certain tumors


We aim at understanding first, the basic molecular mechanisms by which mitotic players (spindle-associated proteins and mitotic kinases such us hBora, Ska, CHICA, Plk1, Aurora A) that normally operate to ensure the error-free segregation of chromosomes, and how are they regulated in time and space and second, and which mechanisms give rise to the chromosomal instability that is typical of tumor cells by taking advantage of the animal and human models of cancer currently used in the laboratory.


BRCA1 and BRCA2-dependent ubiquitination and phosphorylation landscapes in cancer patients


High-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) is characterized by presenting defects in the homologous recombination repair, most frequently associated to BRCA1 mutations. Although most patients will initially respond to first-line chemotherapy with platinum-based agents, up to a quarter will be resistant to treatment. In recent years we have advanced in the understanding of HGSC tumour physiology and its dependence on BRCA1 and, secondly, have identified protein signature able to discriminate between chemotherapy resistant and sensitive patients. In collaboration with the clinicians at the Gynecology Department at the Vall Hebron Hospital, we have performed a multi-layered proteomic characterization of patient-derived ovarian tissues, which has revealed the importance of both ubiquitination and phosphorylation layers of regulation in modulating key cellular processes in HGSC, their dependency on BRCA1 and the identification of BRCA1 substrates responsible for driving ubiquitination signalling. Also, using discovery and targeted proteomics in HGSC tissues, we have identified a protein signature able to discriminate between chemotherapy resistant and sensitive patients at the time of cancer diagnosis. Collectively, we have performed a comprehensive molecular characterization of HGSC that provides a groundwork for future mechanistic-based studies and the development of new targeted therapies in ovarian cancer. In addition, we advance in the optimization of therapeutic decision making through the identification of a promising protein signature able to predict response to chemotherapy.


On the other hand, previous sequencing studies revealed that alterations of genes associated with DNA damage response (DDR) are enriched in men with mCRPC. Although BRCA2 mutations are known to confer an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer, recent observations have shown that alterations of BRCA2 are more prevalent than previously appreciated in men with PCa and more frequent than alterations in any other DDR gene. We aim at translating our expertise and results on BRCA1 related to HGSC, to get deeper insights into the functional relevance of BRCA2 mutations in PCa. In close collaboration with the Urology Deparment at Vall Hebron (Dr. Jacques Planas), we also aim at improving the management of patients with BRCA2 mutations.


Drug development

We are interested in testing the therapeutic potential of new synthetic or natural compounds in clinically representative tumor cell lines (of prostate and ovarian cancer) and preclinical mouse models to improve the efficacy and safety of currently available treatments. 



ONGOING and PAST COMPETITIVE PROJECTS:


1. 2019PROD00087, SalivOmiX: Prova basada en la detecció de miRNAs en saliva per el diagnòstic precoç del càncer d'ovari  AGENCIA DE GESTIO D'AJUTS UNIVERSITARIS I DE RECERCA. Producte.  Anna Santamaria Margalef.  (FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE RECERCA DE L'HOSPITAL UNIV. VALL D'HEBRON). 01/07/2020-31/12/2021. 100.000 €.


2. PI18/01017,  SalivOmiX: Test basado en el análisis de miRNAs en saliva para la detección precoz del cáncer de ovario   Instituto de Salud Carlos III (FIS). (INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACION HOSPITAL UNIVERSITARIO VALLE DE HEBRON).  01/2019- 12/2021. 159.720 €. Investigador principal.

3. 2017 SGR 1661,  Grup de Recerca Biomèdica en Ginecologia  AGENCIA DE GESTIO D'AJUTS UNIVERSITARIS I DE RECERCA. SGR.  Anronio Gil Moreno.  (FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE RECERCA DE L'HOSPITAL UNIV. VALL D'HEBRON).  01/01/2018- 31/12/2020. 33.000 €. Miembro de equipo.


4. AECC/2017/SANTAMARIA,  Nuevos enfoques terapéuticos para el cáncer de próstata hormono-refractario basados en la kinesina KIF11   Asociación Española Contra el Cáncer. AECC - Junta Barcelona (Conveni ajudes per a la investigació 2017).  Anna Santamaria Margalef. (FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE RECERCA DE L'HOSPITAL UNIV. VALL D'HEBRON). 2018-2019. 34.700 €. Investigador principal.


5. 2016 LLAV 00056, Salivomics: identification of genòmic markers to improve early ovarian càncer detection   AGENCIA DE GESTIO D'AJUTS UNIVERSITARIS I DE RECERCA. Llavor. Anna Santamaria Margalef. (FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE RECERCA DE L'HOSPITAL UNIV. VALL D'HEBRON). 2017-2018. 20.000 €. Investigador principal.


6. PI15/02238, Sensibilidad a quimioterapia en cáncer de ovario: Plk1 y Aurora A quinasas como terapia alternativa que permitan mejorar la respuesta antitumoral y la estratificación de pacientes  FIS. Anna Santamaria Margalef. (FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE RECERCA DE L'HOSPITAL UNIV. VALL D'HEBRON). 2016-2018. 122.815 €. Investigador principal.


7. RTC-2015-3821-1,  Desarrollo de nuevas aproximaciones en el manejo individualizado de pacientes con cáncer ginecológico (PredicareGYN)   Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad. RETOS.  Anna Santamaria Margalef.  (FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE RECERCA DE L'HOSPITAL UNIV. VALL D'HEBRON). 2015-2018. 348,6 €. Co-Investigador principal.


8. Transcripció, traducció i mitosi en càncer de pròstata resistent a teràpia.TRAMIT-CAP (GRE)   AGENCIA DE GESTIO D'AJUTS UNIVERSITARIS I DE RECERCA. Grup de Recerca Emergent (SGR-AGAUR). Anna Santamaria Margalef. (FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE RECERCA DE L'HOSPITAL UNIV. VALL D'HEBRON). 01/01/2014-31/12/2016. 16.000 €. Co-Investigador principal.


9. CP13/00158,  Characterization of Plk1 alterations and consequences in the progression tumorigenesis, with a focus in prostate cancer   Miguel Servet (FIS).  Anna Santamaria Margalef.  (FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE RECERCA DE L'HOSPITAL UNIV. VALL D'HEBRON). 2014-2016. 120.500 €. Investigador principal.

10. Control of chromosome segregation fidelity   Swiss Cancer League. Anna Santamaria Margalef.  (Biozentrum - University of Basel).  02/2011-02/2014.  160.000  €.  Investigador principal.



ACTIVE COLLABORATIONS WITH BIOTECH COMPANIES:


Atrys (Madrid, Spain)

Oncostellae (Santiago de Compostela, Spain)

4SC (Münich, Germany)



SELECTED PUBLICATIONS (last 5 years)


Currently under review:

- Bradbury M; … Gil-Moreno A; Sabidó E*; Santamaria, A*. BRCA1 mutations reshape the signaling landscape in high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients. Science Signalling (under review) (*equal contribution).

- Bradbury M; … Gil-Moreno A; Santamaria, A*; Sabidó E*. Molecular advances for the management of high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients. Cancers (under review) (*equal contribution).


1.- Alfonso Parrilla; Marta Barber; Blanca Majem; et al.,; Miguel F Segura; Antonio Gil Moreno; Anna Santamaria. Aurora Borealis (Bora), Which Promotes Plk1 Activation by Aurora A, Has an Oncogenic Role in Ovarian Cancer. Cancers (Basel). 12 - 4, pp. pii:E886. 06/04/2020. DOI: 10.3390/cancers12040886.


2.- Blanca Majem; Alfonso Parrilla; et al.,; Antonio Gil Moreno; Miguel F Segura; Anna Santamaría. MicroRNA-654-5p suppresses ovarian cancer development impacting on MYC, WNT and AKT pathways. Oncogene. 38 - 32, pp. 6035 - 6050. 08/2019. ISSN 1476-5594 DOI: 10.1038/s41388-019-0860-0


3.- Soriano A; Masanas M; Boloix A; et al; Santamaria A; Segura MF. 2019. Functional high-throughput screening reveals miR-323a-5p and miR-342-5p as a new tumour-suppressive microRNAs in neuroblastoma. Cell Mol Life Sci. 76-11, pp.2231-2243. ISSN 2041-1723.


4.- Óscar Rapado-González, Blanca Majem, et al., Anna Santamaría, Rafael López-López, Laura Muinelo-Romay, María Mercedes Suarez-Cunqueiro. A Novel Saliva-Based miRNA Signature for Colorectal Cancer Diagnosis. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 2029;doi:10.3390/jcm8122029


5.- Óscar Rapado-González, Blanca Majem, Laura Muinelo-Romay, Ana Álvarez-CastroAnna Santamaría , Antonio Gil-Moreno , Rafael López-López , María Mercedes Suárez-CunqueiroHuman salivary microRNAs in Cancer. J Cancer.  2018 Jan 6;9(4):638-649. doi: 10.7150/jca.21180. eCollection 2018.


6.-Devis, L; Moiola, C; Masia, N; et al; Santamaria, A; Colas, E. 2017. Activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) is a marker of recurrence and promotes cell migration, invasion and metastasis in early stage endometrioid endometrial cáncer. Journal of Pathology. WILEY-BLACKWELL. 241-4, pp.475-487. ISSN 0022-3417.


7.- A Almazán-MogaP ZarzosaC MolistP Velasco , J PyczekK Simon-KellerI GiraltI VidalN NavarroM F Segura, A SorianoS NavarroO M TiradoJ C FerreresA SantamariaR RotaH HahnJ Sánchez de Toledo , J RomaS Gallego. 2017. Ligand-dependent Hedgehog pathway activation in Rhabdomyosarcoma: the oncogenic role of the ligands. Br J Cancer. 117-9, pp.1314-1325. ISSN 0007-0920. 1


8.- Redli, PM; Gasic, I; Meraldi, P; Nigg, EA; Santamaria, A. The Ska complex promotes Aurora B activity to ensure chromosome biorientation. Journal of Cell Biology. 215 - 1, pp. 77 – 93, 2016. ROCKEFELLER UNIV PRESS, 10/10/2016. ISSN 0021-9525DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201603019


9.- Thomas, Y.; Cirillo, L.; Panbianco, C.; et al; Santamaria, A.; Gotta, M. 2016. Cdk1 Phosphorylates SPAT-1/Bora to Promote Plk1 Activation in C. elegans and Human Cells. Cell Reports. CELL PRESS. 15-3, pp.510-518. ISSN 2211-1247.


10.- Abad, MA; Zou, J; Medina-Pritchard, B; Nigg, EA; Rappsilber, J; Santamaria, A; Jeyaprakash, AA. 2016. Ska3 Ensures Timely Mitotic Progressionby Interacting Directly With Microtubules and Ska1 Microtubule Binding Domain. Scientific Reports. NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. 6, pp.34042. ISSN 2045-2322.

11.- Maria-Alba* Abad; Medina, B*; Santamaria, A*; Zou, J; Plasberg-Hill, C; Madhumalar, A; Jayachandran, U; Rappsilber, J; Nigg, EA; Jeyaprakash, AA. Structural Basis for the Microtubule-Recognition by the human kinetochore Ska complex. Nature Communications. 5, pp. 2964. NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2015. ISSN 2041-1723 (*equal contribution)


IP: Anna Santamaria Margalef

Proyectos

Nuevas estrategias para la mejora del diagnóstico y el manejo terapéutico de los portadores de mutaciones en BRCA2

IP: Anna Santamaria Margalef
Colaboradores: Leticia Suarez Cabrera, Marta Barber Servera, Adrian Garcia Rodriguez, Mercè Cuadras Solé, Jacques Planas Morin
Entidad financiadora: Instituto de Salud Carlos III
Financiación: 159720
Referencia: PI21/00977
Duración: 01/01/2022 - 31/12/2024

Red Federada Para Acelerar La Aplicación De La Inteligencia Artificial En El Sistema Sanitario Español (TARTAGLIA)

IP: Anna Santamaria Margalef
Colaboradores: -
Entidad financiadora: Ministerio de Asuntos Económicos y Transf Digital
Financiación: 648105
Referencia: MIA.2021.M02.0005_SANTAMARIA
Duración: 01/10/2021 - 31/12/2024

ADQUISICIÓN DE UN MICROSCOPIO CONFOCAL ESPECTRAL DE RASTREO DE ALTA RESOLUCIÓN DESTINADO A LA PLATAFORMA DE MICROSCOPÍA DE LA UNIDAD DE ALTA TECNOLOGÍA (UAT)

IP: Inmaculada Fuentes Camps
Colaboradores: Maria Vicario Perez, Miquel Vila Bover, Anna Meseguer Navarro, José García Arumí, Joan Gavaldà Santapau, Joan Xavier Comella Carnicé, Miguel Segura Ginard, Maria Martell Pérez-Alcalde, Victor Franco Puntes, Anna Santamaria Margalef, Carmen Espejo Ruiz, María José Buzón Gómez, Javier Inserte Igual, Anna Rosell Novel, Eduardo Fidel Tizzano , Trond Aasen
Entidad financiadora: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación-MICINN
Financiación: 502000
Referencia: EQC2019-006247-P
Duración: 01/01/2019 - 31/12/2020

Ministerio de Ciencia

SalivOmiX: una prueba salival basada en miRNA para el diagnóstico precoz del cáncer de ovario

IP: Anna Santamaria Margalef
Colaboradores: -
Entidad financiadora: AGAUR
Financiación: 100000
Referencia: IU68-017269
Duración: 23/07/2020 - 22/01/2022

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